Beauty salon equipment - 10 things to remember
Opening a beauty salon requires not only a good business plan, but also a carefully prepared cost estimate, to help avoid financial surprises. In the heat of preparations, it is easy to overlook some of the costs associated with fully equipping the salon. Brushes for applying masks, disposable clothing or paper towels - these accessories are sometimes neglected and not included in the inventory of expenses, although they can significantly increase the final cost of preparation for opening.
1. Basic furnishings
When equipping a beauty parlor, you usually think about purchasing treatment equipment, and treat furniture as a secondary issue. This is a mistake. Appropriate furnishings not only ensure the convenience of using the salon and improve the treatment process, but also affect the customer's perception of the salon. Therefore, it is worth choosing comfortable and elegant furniture, harmoniously matching the interior design. At the reception desk, there should be comfortable chairs in which customers will be happy to wait for the treatment. In addition to furniture, you should include a hanger for outerwear, a mirror and a table where you can display advertising leaflets, and put a cup of coffee or some magazines. The furniture that a beauty salon should be equipped with includes: a cosmetic bed, a wardrobe for cosmetics and cosmetic accessories, a treatment table, and a manicure, pedicure and make-up chair. In the case of a salon with a smaller area, a good solution will be an armchair with a folding function - manual or hydraulic. This furniture should be equipped with an adjustable headrest to provide the client with optimal comfort during the procedure. When choosing a treatment table, also known as an assistant, it is worth choosing a model with wheels and numerous drawers, in which it is possible to place all the materials needed for the treatment.
2. Basic devices
High-quality cosmetic equipment guarantees not only the effectiveness, but also the safety of the procedures performed with it. Only devices with all the necessary safety certificates should be found in a professional salon, incl. EC certificate, confirming that the product was made in accordance with the requirements of the European Union. If we own a salon, we should not save on cosmetic devices, which does not mean that we have to buy only the most expensive ones. Many manufacturers offer a very good quality equipment at an affordable price.
When opening a salon, it is worth getting devices that can be used for the most popular face and body treatments nowadays. In the first case, you will need an IPL laser and devices for cavitation peeling, diamond or corundum microdermabrasion, oxybrasion, microneedle mesotherapy and RF thermolifting. A beauty harvester will be a good solution, i.e. a multifunctional device that allows you to perform multiple treatments without having to purchase several devices. The necessary complement to the equipment is a magnifying lamp, attached to the table top or mounted on a mobile tripod, allowing you to view the skin at a significant magnification. Modern lamps of this type are equipped with anti-reflective glass and a fluorescent lamp that shines with bright white light, without irritating the eyes, even when working for a long time.
If you want to perform body treatments, you should equip the salon with devices for vacuum body shaping and cavitation liposuction, a SPA capsule, radio waves for the body and ultrasonic waves. In addition, accessories for less invasive treatments will be useful, i.e. Chinese cups used, among others, in anti-cellulite massages, herbal stamps for massage with a nourishing effect and stones used in relaxing massages. Beauty shops providing manicure and pedicure services should additionally have a milling machine, a shadowless lamp, a lamp for hardening gels and UV hybrids, a dust absorber, a foot soaking bowl (unless the treatment chair is equipped with it), chisels, and nippers.
Please note that if you want to perform treatments using intense pulsed light systems or lasers, you must register with the Care Quality Commission. Obtaining a permit to open a salon is not tantamount to the possibility of performing all procedures in it. Some separate permits must be granted. For this reason, it is worth checking carefully the licensing requirements for specific treatments, bearing in mind that they may differ slightly depending on the region or county.
3. Disposable materials
In a professional beauty salon, disposable products must be disposed of after the treatment. These include, among others, accessories used in disinfection, i.e. disinfection tub, sterilizer pouches and tools for disinfecting tools and flat surfaces. The treatment also requires the use of cotton swabs, sticks to remove cuticles, tissues, paper towels, scarves for washing the face and body, epilation strips and foil for body treatments. Customers should also be provided with a hair cap, slippers and disposable clothing, and in the bathroom they should have washcloths, shower pads and toilet paper at their disposal. You will also need garbage bags.
4. Reusable materials
Reusable materials and accessories include sheets, tunics, blankets, hot water bottles, towels, hair bands, cosmetic aprons, pump soap dishes, paper towel dispensers and garbage cans. They can carry bacteria and microbes, but it's impossible to avoid using them in a beauty salon. Only hygiene measures protect against possible infections: equipment that may disturb the continuity of tissues and coming into contact with the skin should be sterilized, and other utensils should be disinfected and regularly washed.
5. Treatment materials
Other elements of the beauty salon equipment are bowls for preparing masks (e.g. algae powder), acids or scrubs, brushes or spatulas for applying them on the face and body, henna, henna foundations and a brush for the application, tweezers for eyebrow regulation, sterile gauze, salicylic alcohol, gauze and hydrogen peroxide. These accessories are sometimes omitted when creating a cost estimate, while they are necessary to carry out professional treatments and ensure the safety of both the client and the beautician. You should also not forget about cosmetic clothing and disposable gloves (latex, vinyl or nitrile), which each procedure should be carried out with.
6. Sterilization line
The safety of treatments is as important as their professional performance, which is why a beauty salon should meet the highest sanitary standards. The key word is sterilization, i.e. a procedure that protects customers against viral, bacterial, parasitic or fungal infections. Contrary to disinfection, which destroys only the vegetative forms of microorganisms, the sterilization process eliminates all forms of microorganisms, including the spores. In order to maintain the highest safety standards, the so-called decontamination process, i.e. which takes place in a specially separated area for washing, sterilizing and storing cosmetic tools, should begin with the disinfection of the tools (most often in an ultrasonic cleaner or a disinfection bath). Afterwards, the tools should be mechanically cleaned with running water. In another place, destined for cleaning, the tools should be dried and sterilized. This is where an autoclave, which is a hermetically sealed device in which the sterilization process is carried out by the action of steam under increased pressure, should be set up. The steam reaches a temperature of 121 ° C or 134 ° C and therefore is able to destroy even vegetative forms of microorganisms. As a result, the use of an autoclave ensures the killing of 99,99% of pathogens. When buying an autoclave, it is better to choose devices with the EU medical certificate EC, which is a guarantee of protection against infections.
In Great Britain, sanitary standards for the cosmetics, hairdressing and aesthetic medicine industries are set by the government-recommended organization HABIA (the Hairdressing and Beauty Industry Authority). It is this institution that imposes on salons the obligation to sterilize reusable tools, recommending the use of an autoclave for this purpose.
Modern autoclaves are characterized by a trendy, elegant design, thanks to which they easily match with the design of any type of salon, and might even represent a key piece of the decor. They are characterized by a relatively small size, so they will fit even in small rooms. Modern autoclaves are also more environmentally friendly, minimizing the amount of electricity and water used.
7. Specialized prints
Checking the documentation and following the treatment recommendations can protect both the client and the person providing the service. Many treatments (including IPL laser therapy, needle mesotherapy, microneedle mesotherapy, microdermabrasion, treatments using ultrasound or radio waves) performed in beauty salons are invasive and may be associated with unpleasant and even health-threatening side effects. The beautician must therefore be informed about any contraindications to the procedure, just like the client must be aware of the possible complications. The regular customer card should contain information about the health condition of the person undergoing the treatment, illnesses, medication taken, chronic diseases, allergies and the skin's reaction to previous treatments. Such an interview allows the beautician to choose the therapy that best suits the client's needs, and is the safest for them. Before starting the treatment, the beautician should hand the client a leaflet presenting the treatment in detail, including its course, contraindications and complications. After reading it, the client should sign an informed consent to perform the treatment, thanks to which the salon is protected against possible unjustified claims. At the end of the visit, it is worth giving the client a post-treatment prescription, which will include guidelines for home skin care and recommendations for subsequent treatments.
8. Specialized devices that will make your salon stand out
Cosmetic treatments are gaining more and more popularity. According to Statista, a company specializing in market and consumer data, in 2018 there were over 43,000 hairdressing and beauty salons in the UK. Their number has been growing steadily since 2010, when there were just over 25,000 businesses of this type of on the British market.
In order to stand out from the competition, it is worth equipping the salon with devices for performing innovative treatments, e.g. cavitation peeling equipment, an oxygen infusion device, considered a revolution in cosmetology, or a wapozone, which, in addition to cleansing the skin, can also have an aromatherapeutic function.
9. Music player and music license
Music makes the waiting time for an appointment more pleasant and helps you relax during the treatments. Therefore, it is indispensable in the salon, but it is worth remembering that its use is regulated by law.
In order to legally play music in a beauty salon, you must have TheMusicLicence published by PPL PRS Ltd. It is a partnership between Phonographic Performance Limited (PPL), which is a copyright management organization existing since 1943, and a cooperating music licensing company PRS for Music. The license covers the use of recorded music as background music during treatments, in waiting rooms and receptions, as well as music while waiting for a call. The cost of the license depends on factors such as the type of activity, the size of the shop and the use of the recorded music in the salon - the fee for background music in a hairdressing or beauty salon depends on the number of chairs and treatment tables.
Even the most beautiful and comfortable furniture will not create the cozy atmosphere desired by the customers, if it is not supplemented with interesting accessories and decorations. When choosing this type of trinkets, remember that they should match the overall interior design – and be careful, because in such cases, it is easy to exaggerate and create visual chaos. Decorative candlesticks can influence the salon atmosphere, especially since candles can be used additionally during relaxation treatments. It is best to choose odourless versions, because not every fragrance is universal enough to appeal to all customers. An overly intense aroma can also cause headaches, migraines and nausea. Flowers will bring an unique atmosphere to the salon, especially when placed in decorative pots or vases. However, it is better to choose live plants - artificial plants are indeed safer, as they do not cause allergies, but in order to fulfill their decorative role, they must be very professionally made. The walls can be decorated with posters, photos and certificates. The certificates, contrary to appearances, represent a very important element of the beauty salon equipment, as they confirm the professionalism of people performing the treatments, thus increasing the sense of security of customers. Elegant frames, in which they will be placed, are an additional decoration. It is also worth remembering to put a stand with business cards and advertising leaflets in the waiting room - these materials should be well displayed and easy to obtain by the customers.
- S. Stanton Block, Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia 2001. https://books.google.pl/books/about/Disinfection_Sterilization_and_Preservat.html?id=3f-kPJ17_TYC&redir_esc=y
- Raport Number of enterprises for hairdressing and other beauty treatments in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2008 to 2017. https://www.statista.com/statistics/409073/number-of-hairdressers-beauty-salons-united-kingdom-uk/
- The official website of the European Union : https://europa.eu/youreurope/business/product-requirements/compliance/technical-documentation-conformity/index_en.htm.
- Official website of the British government: https://www.gov.uk/massage-and-special-treatment-premises-licensing.
- Official website of Phonographic Performance Limited : https://www.ppluk.com/music-licensing/public-performance-licensing/.
- The official website of the Hair and Beauty Industry Authority (HABIA): https://nanopdf.com/download/hygiene-in-beauty-therapy-habia_pdf.